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HIV Full Form

What is the HIV full form?

HIV full form is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. If the virus is not identified, it frequently results in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Contrary to several other viruses, HIV cannot be completely eliminated by the human body, even with the right medical care. Once HIV enters a person’s body, they will always have it.

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Over eons, HIV slowly made its way from non-human primates to humans. The condition had been around for a while, but it wasn’t until the 1980s that it was clinically identified. Since then, it has spread throughout the entire world and has resulted in the deaths of almost 25 million people.

Method of HIV infection transmission

It takes HIV nearly ten years to incubate before it can begin to harm the immune system. Since the immune system serves as the body’s natural defense, HIV will make it more challenging for the patient to fend off illnesses. A particular subset of WBC and T-helper cells are destroyed by HIV (CD4 cells). Within these cells, this virus even replicates itself. These strategies are used to spread HIV infection.

  • Sexual encounters without protection with infected individuals.
  • Reuse any needles that an infected person has used.
  • Baby acquired through the placenta from infected mother.
  • A recipient of a blood transfusion who has been infected.

Symptoms of HIV

The symptoms of HIV infection typically take time to manifest. Here are a few signs and symptoms that people with HIV may experience frequently.

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Skin rash
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Swollen glands
  • Joint pain
  • Sore throat
  • Upset stomach
Symptoms of HIV

HIV-prevention strategies

  • Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay, or ELISA, is a test that can identify HIV infection. Since AIDS is still incurable, HIV prophylaxis is the best course of action.
  • Awareness of AIDS is a crucial component. The afflicted people should not be targeted and should be treated with kindness because the disease does not spread through simple physical contact.
  • Never share anything with anyone, including syringes, toothbrushes, razors, and needles. 

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