EnglishEssay On Mineral Wealth Of India

Essay On Mineral Wealth Of India

Mineral Wealth Of India Essay for Students and Children

Essay On Mineral Wealth Of India: Minerals abound in India. South India plateaus hold these minerals. Northern plains have little mineral. India has abundant iron-ore, manganese, chromite, mica, limestone, coal, and others. In this essay we will talk about metallic minerals, non-metalic minerals and minerals fuels. You can also find more Essay Writing articles about events, people, sports, technology, and many other things.

Minerals are defined by their physical and chemical properties. Earth’s minerals are uneven. Quality minerals are scarce and non-renewable. Metallic and non-metallic minerals exist. Ferrous minerals include iron, nickel, manganese, tungsten, etc. Gold, silver, copper, and tin are non-ferrous metals. 

Essay On Mineral Wealth Of India

500 Words Essay On Mineral Wealth Of India in English

India has many minerals. South India plateaus hold these minerals. Northern plains have little mineral. India has abundant iron-ore, manganese, chromite, mica, limestone, coal, and others.

However, our demand for minerals like gold, silver, copper, mineral oil, etc. is not met. The Geological Survey of India and O.N.G.C. study India’s mineral resources.

India has three mineral resource categories:

Metallic, non-metallic, and mineral fuel.


India’s main metallic minerals are iron-ore, manganese, chromite, and bauxite.


India produces 4th most iron-ore. Bihar, Orissa, Goa, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra have the most iron mines. Nuamundi, Gua, and Badjamda in Singhbjum, Bihar, Mayurbhanj, Keonjhar, and Cuttack, Orissa, and Kudremukh and Hospet, Karnafaka, are famous iron mines.

Salem, Tamilnadu, Chandrapur and Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, Durg and Bastar, Madhya Pradesh, and Kurnool and Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, mine iron ore. We export balance ores to Japan, Norway, and Sweden after meeting the country’s iron and steel plant needs. This export generates significant foreign exchange for India.


It makes steel. India ranks fourth in manganese production. Manganese mines are in Nagpur, Ratnagiri, Balaghat, Chhindwara, Singhbhum, Sundargarh, Koraput, Kalahandi, and Bolangir in Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, and Orissa. India exports half its manganese to the U.S., U.K., Japan, West Germany, and France.


Steel and leather industries use it. Chromite mines are found in Cuttack and Keonjhar districts of Orissa, Bandra and Ratnagiri of Maharashtra, Singhbhum of Bihar, Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh, Mysore and Hassan of Karnataka, and Salem of Tamilnadu.


Valuable mineral. India has little gold. Kolar and Hutti in Karnataka and Ramagiri in Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, mine gold. Nigeria in Tamilnadu, Kozhikode in Kerala, and Jhun Jhun in Rajasthan have gold. International banking depends on gold. It controls the country’s monetary system as the international currency.


Electricity requires it. It makes brass utensils as an alloy. Indian copper mines are in Mosabani, Patharagarh, and Khetri. Balaghat, Madhya Pradesh, also has copper deposits. Jhun, Alwar, and Chitradoorg, Rajasthan and Karnataka.


Bauxite ore produces aluminium. India produces enough mineral-ore. Bauxite is found in Lohardaga, Maidanpat, Bhawnagar, Junagarh, Surguja, Raigarh, Belgaon, Chandgiri, Panchapattamali, and Gandhamardan.

Zinc, lead, silver:

Indian minerals are scarce. Zawar, Rajasthan, mines lead and zinc. Kalimati, Bihar, has lead mines. Silver is mined in Kolar and Hutti, Karnataka, and Sawar, Rajasthan. Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Orissa, and Sikkim also deposit these metals.

(b) Non-metallic minerals:

India produces limestone, mica, and gypsum. These are mostly used in cement, steel, and electricity.


It’s mostly used in cement and steel. Biramitrapur and Dunguri are Orissa limestone mines. Katri, Reba, Rohtasgarh, Bundi, and Jodhpur. Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, and Karnataka also have limestone.


Electrical industries need mica. Mica mines are in Hazaribag, Gaya, Mangy, Nellor, Guddur, Bhilwara, Jeypore, and Ajmer districts of Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, and Rajasthan. Hazaribag’s Kodarma Copper Mines are famous in India. India leads mica production.


Paper, fertiliser, cement, and chemical industries use gypsum. Gypsum is mined in Tiruchinapalli, Rajasthan, Jodhpur, Bikanir, and Jaisalmir, Jammu and Kashmir, and Tamilnadu.

(c) Mineral Fuel:

Mineral fuel supplies energy. Coal, oil, and nuclear energy minerals are most important.


Forest fossils buried deep in the earth formed coal. In rock layers. Carbon content and heating capacity divide coal into four categories. Anthracite, Bituminous, Lignite, and Peat. Anthracite has the most carbon and heat.

It’s the best coal. Peat, the lowest-carbon coal, is inferior. Coal produces ammonia, coal-tar, paints, and chemicals. Coal-fired thermal power stations generate electricity.

Indian coal production is highest in Bihar. Jharia, Bokaro, Dhanbad, Ranging, Burdhwan, Sahadol, Surguza, Adilabad, Karim Nagar, Talcher, and Rampur are India’s main coal fields. Maharashtra, Assam, Meghalaya, and Nagaland also have coalmines.


Mineral oil is mixed with water, natural gas, and other materials in sedimentary rock layers in the earth. Land and continental shelves have it. Pumped from the earth. Refineries turn it into gasoline, diesel, kerosene, vaseline, paraffin, and more.

Digboi, Naharkatiya, Ankleshwar, Kosamba, and the Mumbai High on the continental shelf off-coast Maharashtra pump crude oil. Northwestern Mumbai. The deltas of the Knavery and Godavari rivers on India’s east coast have begun experimental oil exploration and production.

Oil production is low in India. It imports 65% of its crude oil to feed refineries and meet demand. Many refineries process domestic and imported crude oil. Assam’s Guahati, Digboi, and Haldia refineries are significant. Mathura, Barauni, Mumbai, and Koyali. Visakhapatnam and Cochin. 


Mineral Wealth of India” discusses India’s abundant mineral resources and their importance to its economy. Coal, iron, manganese, copper, gold, and diamond are discussed in the essay, along with their distribution across India. 

Environmental issues and sustainable mining are also addressed in the essay. The author concludes that responsible mining is essential to India’s mineral industry’s growth and environmental and community protection. 

Short Essay on Mineral Wealth Of India 200 Words in English

Mining involves minerals. Mining and quarrying includes extracting minerals from underground and surface mines, quarries, and wells, as well as dressing and beneficiation of ores and other crude materials, such as crushing, screening, washing, cleaning, grading, and other preparations at the mine site to make the material marketable.

India has many minerals. India has many minerals due to its size and diverse geological formations. “The mineral wealth of India, though by no means inexhaustible, is varied enough to provide for sound economic and industrial development of the country but has at the same time, certain important deficiencies,” says Meher D.N. Wadia. 

Nearly 100 minerals are produced or worked in India, of which 30 are considered important, including several that are currently unimportant but could become important as industries grow. Coal, iron, mica, manganese, titanium, aluminium, refractory materials, and limestone are plentiful, but copper, lead, and zinc are scarce. Tin and nickel are workable.”

Exporting iron ore, titanium, manganese, bauxite, granite, and other minerals earns India a lot of foreign currency. India imports copper, silver, nickel, cobalt, zinc, lead, tin, mercury, limestone, platinum, graphite, and other minerals.

India has 3,108 mines: 570 coal and lignite mines, 563 metallic mineral mines, and 1,975 non-metallic mineral mines. The mineral sector employs over eight lakh people and contributes 11.5 percent of industrial output and nearly three percent of GDP (GDP).

Mining powers industrialization. After Independence, Indian mining and mineral extraction developed.

In 1991, the government liberalised economic activities, including mining. The 1993 national mineral policy met private sector demands. 

- Advertisement -

Top English Article