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COBOL Full Form

What is the Full form of COBOL?

The COBOL full form is Common Business Oriented Language. COBOL is a compiled English programming language intended for commercial use. Since 2002, it has been procedural, imperative, and object-oriented. COBOL is mostly employed by the government and enterprises in financial, industrial, and administrative structures. COBOL is also frequently employed in mainframe computer applications, such as enormous task and transaction processing operations.

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Due to its waning popularity and the retirement of experienced COBOL programmers, applications have been converted to other formats, updated in contemporary languages, or replaced with software. Given the pace of mainframe operation in 2006, the majority of COBOL programming is now primarily used to support existing applications. However, many big financial institutions were still building new COBOL systems in 2006.

Origins of COBOL

  • Grace Hopper developed COBOL during the 1950s. Previously, each device manufacturer was expected to execute a program in their own computer language.
  • The Department of Defense (DOD) soon adopted COBOL because its programs could operate on computers from different manufacturers, and the DOD had to obtain computers from a variety of sources.
  • Since 1960, it has undergone various modifications and improvements.
  • The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) has generated a number of COBOL upgrades, including COBOL-68, COBOL-74, COBOL-85, and COBOL-2002.
  • Therefore, COBOL format is no longer supported by current devices and is known as Legacy Language.
  • COBOL has been predominantly utilized by huge organizations such as the military, government, and large corporations. Also, a few American banks.

Characteristics of COBOL

  • Implementations of COBOL are extremely comprehensive.
  • Long live COBOL programs!
  • COBOL systems are able to manage huge volumes of data.
  • COBOL frameworks are straightforward to comprehend.
  • COBOL systems are portable, so anyone can utilize them.
  • Applications written in COBOL are readily handled.
  • Enable both up to thirty-character long names and term-connector characters. 

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